Skin Care and Cosmeceuticals

Skin Care and Cosmeceuticals

Cosmeceuticals are skin care products, which feature biologically active components that can exert physiological changes in the skin. To cut a long story short, cosmeceutical skin care products can not just make your skin look better, but also promote actual changes.

Cosmeceuticals Balancing between Drugs and Cosmetics

First, the term “cosmeceuticals” was mentioned in the 1980s to describe the skin care products, which do more than traditional cosmetics, but less that drugs. In fact, it is the mix of ‘cosmetics’ and ‘pharmaceuticals’.

Cosmeceuticals are doubtlessly more than ordinary cosmetics. Facial cleansers, makeup and similar cosmetics can make your face look nice, though cannot change the way your skin behaves.

Cosmeceuticals contain active components, which change physical structure and functioning of skin. Besides, they feature real science backing to prove the claims. Despite they are sometimes called ‘medical grade’ skin care, they do not belong to a class of drugs. Pharmaceuticals are used to cure, manage or treat specific medical conditions.

Besides, they are subjected to stringent testing before appearing on the market. Certain over-the-counter items, such as dandruff shampoo and acne products, can be viewed as cosmetics, but, in fact, they are drugs as they are aimed at treatment of a problem. Cosmeceuticals, in their turn, cannot improve skin conditions. They are frequently taken for aesthetic purposes and serve a non-invasive way to balance skin appearance.

No Standards for Cosmeceuticals

Even though skin care professionals have a general consensus, considering cosmeceuticals, there are no standards or guidelines defining this type of products.

Due to the lack of governing bodies that oversee cosmeceuticals, the term resembles a marketing notion, which belongs to a group of skin care products. It gets a bit muddled at the point that cosmeceuticals are not required to be rigorously tested. They are not to meet high standards or prove the effectiveness of the claim.

In fact, the FDA does not approve the term “cosmeceuticals”, considering them to be either OTC drugs or cosmetic products, depending on the claimed action. If a cosmeceutical is considered to be a drug, it can claim to treat a specific condition, for instance, wrinkles. A cosmetic can minimize, improve, balance and soften wrinkles, though it cannot treat them. Due to the rigorous process to get drug approval, including OTC one, an overwhelming majority of companies offer their cosmeceuticals as cosmetics. Thus, the product can appear on the market faster and less expensively.

Pros and Cons of Cosmeceuticals

Since cosmeceuticals are not considered to be drugs, they do not provide a separate niche on the beauty market. They are frequently used to manage cosmetic issues, like cellulite, acne, large pores and hyperpigmentation. Still, the bulk of cosmeceuticals are aimed at combating aging signs, peculiarly loss of tone and skin elasticity, sun damage and wrinkles.

Benefit: You can get an effective OTC skin care. Once you have noticed a minor aesthetic issue on the skin that is not serious enough to get a prescription medication, then cosmeceuticals are the top choice. They can minimize cosmetic issues, such as uneven skin tone, dull complexion and fine lines. Additionally, they can keep the skin healthy without a prescription.

Benefit: Cosmeceuticals can be taken together with topical prescription drugs. Once you are using certain prescription treatments, cosmeceuticals can contribute to the overall result. For instance, products that contain Ceramides can decrease dryness, which is caused by Tretinoin. However, you need to consult a dermatologist before the beginning of cosmeceutical intake with other prescription medications.

Risk: The skin may become irritated. Since cosmeceutical items can have a high concentration of the active component, there is a risk of skin getting irritated. This is ultimately true for products, containing exfoliating components, such as Retinol and Alpha Hydroxy acids. Let your doctor know if your skin itches, turns red, stings or burns.

Risk: You get a worse result than expected. Probably, the biggest issue with cosmeceuticals is not as potent as claimed. Manufacturers can claim the product to provide a range of positive influences on the skin, but, in fact, a cosmeceutical can lack some ingredients required for such skin improvements. Keep in mind that cosmeceuticals should not even be proven effective before they appear on the market. So, you have an opportunity to waste a considerable sum of money on the product, which does no good for your skin condition.

Selecting Most Effective and Safe Cosmeceutical Components for Top Results

The product is not likely to deliver on its promises only because it is labeled as a cosmeceutical. The most dependable way to get an effective cosmeceutical is opt for the one, which contains components backed by science. Certain ingredients have undergone a rigorous research and are currently approved to have biological influences on the skin.

The ingredients of cosmeceuticals are majorly unstudied, so the vast majority of information we possess is gathered by the cosmeceutical industry. However, there is preferable evidence that specific components have tangible benefits for skin condition. Finding these components within a certain cosmeceutical product can help you ensure getting a high-performance product, which really works.

1. AHAs (alpha hydrox acids) are quite well-studied ingredients. The most advantageous acids from the group include malic, glycolic, benzilic, mandelic and lactic. AHAs can advance skin exfoliation, contributing to smoother, brighter and softer skin. Additionally, they can fade mild hyperpigmentation and sun damage.

2. ALA (alpha-lipoic acid) is classified as a potential antioxidant, which helps protect skin from free radical damage. The ingredient is frequently included in eye creams and serums due to its ability to decrease dark circles. Besides, the component can enhance skin firmness, decreasing large pores at the same time.

3. Ceramides keeps skin hydrated. The ingredient helps decrease trans-epidermal water loss, so it moisturizes, plumps the skin and makes it smooth.

4. Green tea is approved to be ultimately rich in polyphenols, including epigallocatechin-3-gallate. They are potent to decrease inflammation, stimulating advanced collagen production and protecting skin from UV damage.

5. Hyaluronic acid is naturally produced by skin and can diminish your age. The component keeps the skin firm and hydrated, hus, making it look smooth and plump.

6. Niacinamide serves another effective antioxidant that advances hydration level of your skin. Besides, it is good for reduction of blotchiness, hyperpigmentation and redness. The component brightens the skin and prevents dullness.

7. Peptides can activate collagen production. As a result, they boost skin texture and firmness, decreasing fine lines.

8. Retinaldehyde and retinol are the ingredients, which are taken for softening fine lines and hyperpigmentation. Additionally, they make skin smoother and protect it from collagen loss. Additionally, Retinaldehyde has been proven to decrease deep-set wrinkles.

9. Soy can protect skin from thinning and considerable collagen loss, which occurs as a result of the aging process. Certain studies suggest that the ingredient also stimulates collagen production.

10. Vitamin C is classified as an innovative antioxidant and can stimulate creation of L-ascorbic acid.

11. Vitamin E is preferable for improvement of sun damaged skin, as it can protect it from elastin degradation. The component works best if combined with Vitamin C. Similar to Vitamin C, it can be rather unstable and degrade fast.
In fact, there is a large number of effective components in cosmeceuticals. Since this is not a full list of powerful and effective ingredients, you’d better consult your doctor before the use of any cosmeceuticals.